Shares in First Republic Bank dropped more than 17% on Monday, after reports the San Francisco-based bank may need to raise more funds despite a $30bn (£24bn) rescue last week.
The credit rating of the regional bank was downgraded deeper into junk status by S&P Global. The agency said that the bank, which caters to wealthy clients, likely faced “high liquidity stress with substantial outflows”.
Last week, First Republic increased borrowings from the US Federal Reserve and the suspended its common stock dividend despite holding about $213bn in assets and $176bn in deposits.
On Sunday, Reuters reported that the lender was still trying to put together a deal to raise capital, days after 11 of the biggest names in US banking, including JPMorgan Chase, Citigroup, Bank of America and Goldman Sachs kicked in $30bn.
In a regulatory filing, the First Republic executive chairman, Jim Herbert, and the CEO, Mike Roffler, said the cash injection “is a vote of confidence for First Republic and the entire US banking system”.
But First Republic’s shares have lost 80% of their value over the past 10 days on fears of a bank run. Like the collapsed Silicon Valley Bank, a large proportion of First Republic’s customers hold more than $250,000 guaranteed by federal insurance.
About 70% of First Republic’s deposits are uninsured, well-above a 55% average for medium-sized banks, a figure that puts the bank third after Silicon Valley Bank (94%) and Signature Bank (90%), according to Bank of America.
The Wall Street Journal reported on Friday that First Republic’s lending business “revolves around making huge mortgages to such clients as Mark Zuckerberg”. Dependence on property, personal and commercial loans concerns analysts as they cannot be rapidly liquidated.
But despite guarantees from US banking officials and the US president, Joe Biden, that all deposits in midsize banks are safe regardless of amount, First Republic has seen large outflows to larger institutions. The bank has said it borrowed $109bn from the Fed to meet withdrawal demands in just one night.
But it has been widely noted that the very banks that stepped in to support the bank are also the banks that stand to benefit from wealthy depositors now removing the money.
On Monday, CNBC reported that First Republic had hired an investment bank to advise it on potential options but a $25bn hole in its balance sheet remained a hurdle for any deal. The bank’s continued share decline comes as other midsize or regional banks have seen their share values rise modestly.
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