Hairdressing crabs, vicious wasps and gruesome plants among 600 new species

A crab that finds cunning disguises, a chest-bursting parasitic wasp, and an aquatic plant that grows its own floaties are among the more than 600 native plants and animals discovered to science in the past year, adding to Australia’s already long list of unique wildlife.

Despite the massive haul, scientists believe only 30 per cent of the world’s wildlife has been named, with an estimated 300,000 species left to be discovered in Australia alone.

Fluffy crabs glue living sponges to their bodies for camouflage that they keep trim using their tiny claws.

Colin McLay / WA Museum

Australian Biological Resources Study acting general manager Bryan Lessard said of the 626 Australian native species discovered by scientists in the past 12 months, his favourite was the “aspiring hairdresser” Lamarckdromia beagle, also known as the fluffy crab.

“It’s so adorable,” Lessard said. “It uses its tiny claws to snip sponges that it glues to itself to keep it fresh.”

The fluffy crab, native to Western Australian waters, camouflages itself from predators by scouring the seafloor for sponges that end up looking like a wig. It trims sponges into shape and holds them to its body until it grows over the crab’s shell.

Glyptapanteles andamookaensis, the vicious parasitic wasp.


A newly discovered wetland dwelling plant also from Western Australia, the Utricularia baliboongarnangboasts a beautiful purple flower that belies its gruesome name and occupation. It’s a carnivorous bladderwort that derives nutrients from animals, including insects, and makes its living floating around in billabongs on air-filled sacs. It was named in consultation with the Miriwoong Elders, in whose language ‘baliboong’ means swamp-dwelling.

Glyptapanteles andamookaensis, a vicious parasitic wasp from South Australia, injects its larvae inside a living caterpillar and when hatched, juvenile wasps will burst out of the hosts like in a horror movie.

Scientists discovered a new cicada species living along the Great Dividing Range in NSW and into southern Queensland which they called Yoyetta ignitausing Latin for ignited in reference to the Black Summer bushfires of 2019-20, when much of its natural range was burned.

Lessard said they are “high energy” cicadas and the males make loud clicks while flying and buzz when perched on trees.

Yoyetta ignita is a new cicada species discovered in 2022.

L. Popple

Since colonisation, about 100 of Australia’s unique flora and fauna species have become extinct – with untold losses of invertebrates. The rate of loss has not slowed over the past 200 years and some of the newly listed species are at risk of extinction, including the tube-web spider, a mountain frog, superb myrtles, orchids and a subspecies of white-footed dunnart.

A new subspecies of white-footed dunnart was discovered in the wet tropics of North Queensland.

Gary Cranitch, Queensland Museum.

Federal Environment and Water Minister Tanya Plibersek said Sunday March 19 was Taxonomist Appreciation Day and said it was important to recognise the scientists who discover and classify new species as their work is key to conservation.

“Australia is recognised as one of only 17 mega-diverse countries in the world, and with a result like this it’s easy to see why. Although Australia has less than 1 per cent of the world’s population, we have around 8 per cent of the world’s plants and animals,” Plibersek said.

“We can’t protect endangered or threatened species without knowing what they are and where they live. That helps us to look after them into the future.”

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